Black Liquor

Black Liquor
A byproduct of wood-pulping, used as a fuel.

In April 2008, The Times explained how U.S. paper-producers have benefited from a subsidy aimed at promoting the use of alternative fuels:

For decades, pulp companies have burned a wood byproduct calledblack liquor to fuel their plants. Four years ago, Congress passed a tax credit meant to encourage companies to blend some biofuels into fossil fuels like diesel. The paper companies realized they might be able to claim the tax credit by going the other way, blending a little diesel into their black liquor.
In a recent report for The Vancouver Sun, Gordon Hamilton wrote:
Canada has threatened trade action against the United States over a massive “black liquor” tax credit to its pulp and paper industry that has distorted global pulp markets.
Canada has joined the European Union, Brazil and Chile in demanding that the U.S. end the black liquor subsidies, which are worth up to $8 billion. In a joint letter to Congress the signatories argued:
From a legal perspective, it is clear that these credits amount to actionable subsidies and that any adverse effects caused by them could be subject to remedies in the WTO or through domestic countervailing duty investigations.
Read more…

Dictionary of unconsidered lexicographical trifles. 2014.

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  • Black liquor — is a byproduct of the Kraft process, (also known as Kraft pulping or sulfate process) during the production of paper pulp. Wood is decomposed into cellulose fibers (from which paper is made), hemicellulose and lignin fragments. Black liquor is an …   Wikipedia

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  • Black liquor —   A by product of the paper production process, alkaline spent liquor, that can be used as a source of energy. Alkaline spent liquor is removed from the digesters in the process of chemically pulping wood. After evaporation, the residual black… …   Energy terms

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  • Black Liquor Tax Credit — A term coined by the forest products industry to describe an abusive subsidy scheme within the industry. Black liquor is a byproduct of creating wood pulp and is used as fuel. As part of the 2005 transportation and ethanol bill, the U.S.… …   Investment dictionary

  • black liquor — (in making wood pulp for paper) the liquor that remains after digestion. Cf. white liquor. * * * …   Universalium

  • black liquor — A trade term of the paper pulp industry; the residual liquor coming from the digesters in which wood in the form of chips is cooked under heat and pressure in a solution of chemicals. The organic matter binding the cellulose fibers in the wood is …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • black lye — noun : black liquor 2 …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Black Label — is a brand of beer well known throughout the former British Empire, where it is best known for its slogan Hey Mabel, Black Label! . The most famous slogan for this product was, I bet he drinks Carling Black Label! In several countries it is also… …   Wikipedia

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